Case Report

Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Findings in Posterior Microphthalmia

10.4274/tjo.80764

  • Emine Tinkir Kayitmazbatir
  • Banu Turgut Öztürk
  • Hürkan Kerimoglu
  • Ahmet Özkagnici
  • Süleyman Okudan

Received Date: 20.12.2012 Accepted Date: 22.08.2013 Turk J Ophthalmol 2014;44(3):240-242

The retinal spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings of two posterior microphthalmia cases are presented in this case report. For this purpose, the findings of two siblings aged five and seven years who presented to our clinic with the complain of far-sightedness and high hypermetropia were evaluated. Both cases diagnosed to have posterior microphthalmia demonstrated normal biomicroscopic anterior segment examination and gonioscopy findings and the axial lengths were measured to be shorter than 17mm. The SD-OCT analysis of papillomacular folds detected in fundus examination revealed contribution of only neurosensorial retina. Beneath the retinal fold, we observed bilateral cysts in the intraretinal area in one of the cases and a triangle-shaped hyporeflective space with an apex corresponding to that of the retinal fold in the subretinal area in both cases. SD-OCT is an adjunctive imaging tool for diagnosis and follow-up of degenerative changes in posterior microphthalmia. These changes may be also important for visual prognosis.

Keywords: Optical coherence tomography, posterior microphthalmia, papillomacular fold

Full Text (Turkish)