Preseptal Cellulitis, Orbital Cellulitis, Orbital Abscess


  • Rana Altan Yaycıoğlu

Turk J Ophthalmol 2012;42(1):52-56

Patients with orbital infections present to our clinic usually with unilateral pain, hyperemia, and edema of the eyelids. The differentiation between preseptal and orbital cellulitis is utmost important in that the second requires hospitalization. Since in orbital cellulitis, the tissues posterior to the orbital septum are involved, signs such as conjunctival chemosis, limited eye movement, decreased vision, as well as afferent pupil defect secondary to optic nerve involvement may also be observed. Prompt intravenous antibiotic treatment should be started, and surgical drainage may be performed if patient shows failure to improve in 48 hours despite optimal management. Without treatment, the clinical course may progress to subperiosteal or orbital abscess, and even to cavernous sinus thrombosis.

Keywords: Orbit, orbital diseases, orbital cellulitis, exophthalmos, cavernous sinus thrombosis

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