Original Article

Evaluation of Tear Functions in Patients Where Cataract Surgery Was Performed with Classical Extracapsular or Phacoemulsification Method

  • Halit Oğuz
  • Tacettin Gürkan

Turk J Ophthalmol 2007;37(6):433-441


It was aimed to evaluate tear functions in cases where cataract surgery was performed with extracapsular cataract extraction or phacoemulsification method.


The study comprised of 111 patients including 52 females and 59 males who had cataract operations. The ages of the cases varied from 9 to 85 (63.31 ± 10.48). Extracapsular cataract extraction was applied to 50 eyes and phacoemulsification was applied to 103 eyes. The tear functions including cotton thread, Schirmer I and tear break-up time tests were evaluated at preoperative and postoperative on 1st day, 7th day, 1st month and 3rd month.


There were statistically significant differences between preoperative values and postoperative 1st and 7th day, 1st and 3rd month measurements of cotton thread test, Schirmer I test and tear break up time in cases performed phacoemulsification or extracapsular cataract extraction (p0.05).


Tear function tests are more affected in cases of extracapsular cataract extraction compared to phacoemulsification method. The phacoemulsification method seems to be a safer method regarding tear functions compared to extracapsular cataract extraction surgery.

Keywords: Extracapsular cataract extraction, phacoemulsification, tear function tests