Review

Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome (TASS)

10.4274/tjo.41.94840

  • Özlem Öner
  • Yonca Aydin Akova
  • Yildirim Beyazit Usta

Received Date: 20.02.2011 Accepted Date: 14.06.2011 Turk J Ophthalmol 2011;41(6):407-413

Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) is a sterile intraocular inflammation caused by noninfectious substances, resulting in extensive toxic damage to the intraocular tissues. Possible etiologic factors of TASS include surgical trauma, bacterial endotoxin, intraocular solutions with inappropriate pH and osmolality, preservatives, denatured ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVD), inadequate sterilization, cleaning and rinsing of surgical devices, intraocular lenses, polishing and sterilizing compounds which are related to intraocular lenses. The characteristic signs and symptoms such as blurred vision, corneal edema, hypopyon and nonreactive pupil usually occur 24 hours after the cataract surgery. The differential diagnosis of TASS from infectious endophthalmitis is important. The main treatment for TASS formation is prevention. TASS is a cataract surgery complication that is more commonly seen nowadays. In this article, the possible underlying causes as well as treatment and prevention methods of TASS are summarized. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2011; 41: 407-13)

Keywords: Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS)

Full Text (Turkish)