Original Article

Pars Plana Vitrectomy and Heavy Silicon oil Tamponade for Inferior Retinal Detachment

10.4274/tjo.42.78942

  • Murat Aslankurt
  • Mustafa Kurt
  • Burak Erden
  • Mustafa Nuri Elçioglu
  • Osman Çekiç

Received Date: 26.04.2012 Accepted Date: 30.07.2012 Turk J Ophthalmol 2012;42(6):458-461

Purpose:

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of pars plan vitrectomy and heavy silicone oil tamponade in eyes with inferior retinal detachment.

Material and Method:

Eighteen eyes that underwent pars plana vitrectomy and heavy silicone oil (Densiron) tamponade were evaluated retrospectively. Twenty-gauge vitrectomy was performed and heavy silicon oil was introduced at the conclusion of the surgery. Patients were examined postoperatively at 1 day, 1 week, and monthly intervals. Silicon was removed in suitable eyes during the study period. Best-corrected visual acuity, ocular tension measurements, and biomicroscopic examinations were performed. Final visual and anatomic results were recorded.

Results:

The median age of the patients was 43 (range: 16-67) years. Associate ocular pathology to the inferior detachments were dropped nucleus (n=2), complicated uveitis (n=1), degenerative myopia (n=2), penetrating trauma (n=2), and blunt ocular trauma (n=3). Eight (44%) eyes had previous unsuccessful detachment surgery. Anatomic success was achieved in 16 (88%) eyes at a mean of 11.76 months (range: 5- 21) of follow-up. Visual acuity was improved in 4 eyes, stabilized in 12 eyes, and worsened in 2 eyes. Postoperative hypotony developed in one eye, and oil emulsification developed in 2 eyes.

Discussion:

Use of heavy silicone oil (Densiron) tamponade is effective and safe in eyes with inferior retinal detachment. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2012; 42: 458-61)

Keywords: Inferior retinal detachment, pars plana vitrectomy, heavy silicon oil

Full Text (Turkish)