Original Article

Effects of Topical Phenylephrine HCl...

10.4274/tjo.41.830070

  • Emre Ayintap
  • Ugurcan Keskin
  • Mesut Coskun
  • Özgür Ilhan
  • Hilal Semiz
  • Hüseyin Öksüz

Received Date: 18.10.2010 Accepted Date: 04.02.2011 Turk J Ophthalmol 2011;41(3):164-166

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of topical phenylephrine HCl 2.5% (Mydfrin), used as a fast and effective mydriatic before cataract surgery, on systemic blood pressure. Material and Method: Topical phenylephrine HCl 2.5% was administered 3 times with 5-minute intervals before cataract surgery to 44 eyes of 44 patients. The systemic blood pressure was measured preoperatively and at 15 and 30 minutes. Results: The mean systolic blood pressure before the topical administration of phenylephrine HCl 2.5% was 119.7mmHg, while 15 and 30 minutes later, it was 125.3 mmHg and 121.2 mmHg, respectively. The mean diastolic blood pressure before the topical administration of phenylephrine HCl 2.5% was 75.9 mmHg; 15 and 30 minutes later, it was 76.9 mmHg and 75.3 mmHg, respectively. The increase in systolic blood pressure at 15 and 30 minutes was statistically significant (p=0.003 and p=0.042). The change in diastolic blood pressure was not statistically significant. Discussion: Phenylephrine HCl 2.5%, which is used preoperatively as a fast and effective mydriatic for cataract surgery, can increase the systolic blood pressure. This effect is most significant at 15 minutes and lasts at least 30 minutes. This agent should be used with care in hypertensive patients. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2011; 41: 164-6)

Keywords: Cataract surgery, phenylephrine HCl 2.5%, systemic blood pressure

Full Text (Turkish)