Original Article

Effects of Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lens Application on Corneal High-order Aberration and Visual Guality in Patients with Corneal Opacities

10.4274/tjo.42.19870

  • Sevda Aydin Kurna
  • Sibel Aksoy
  • Tomris Sengör
  • Ayse Sönmez

Received Date: 23.10.2011 Accepted Date: 02.12.2011 Turk J Ophthalmol 2012;42(2):97-102

Pur­po­se:

Evaluation of the corneal high-order aberrations and visual quality changes after application of silicone hydrogel contact lenses in patients with corneal opacities due to various etiologies.

Ma­te­ri­al and Met­hod:

Fifteen eyes of 13 patients with corneal opacities were included in the study. During the ophthalmologic examination before and after contact lens application, visual acuity was measured with Snellen acuity chart and contrast sensitivity - with Bailey-Lowie Charts in letters. Aberrations were measured with corneal aberrometer (NIDEK Magellan Mapper) under a naturally dilated pupil. Spherical aberration, coma, trefoil, irregular astigmatism and total high-order root mean square (RMS) values were recorded. Measurements were repeated with balafilcon A lenses (PureVision 2 HD, B&L) on all patients.

Re­sults:

Patient age varied between 23 and 50 years. Two eyes had subepithelial infiltrates due to adenoviral keratitis, 1 had nebulae due to previous infections or trauma, and 2 had Salzmann’s nodular degeneration. We observed a mean increase of 1 line in visual acuity and 5 letters in contrast sensitivity with contact lenses versus glasses in the patients. Mean RMS values of spherical aberration, irregular astigmatism and total high-order aberrations decreased significantly with contact lenses.

Dis­cus­si­on:

Silicone hydrogel soft contact lenses may improve visual quality by decreasing the corneal aberrations in patients with corneal opacities. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2012; 42: 97-102)

Keywords: Corneal opacities, high-order aberrations, soft contact lens

Full Text (Turkish)